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Pond Tips

Our planners aim for subtle visual placement and easy access for cleaning and maintenance of your pond.

Pumps and Filters

Pumps and filters are part of any water feature landscaping. In addition, maintaining your water feature can be made part of your overall yard maintenance plan.

Regular maintenance can prevent many problems before they occur. Here are some simple steps for each season that will extend the life of your fish and plants, and make taking care of your pond easy and fun.


  • Do one thorough cleaning, after the last frost.
  • Divide, repot and fertilize all plants as necessary.
  • Clean the pump and filter (one time, during cleaning.)
  • Add bacteria after cleaning to re-seed the filter.
  • Remove excess fish.
  • Begin feeding fish when the pond temperature averages 45° F.


  • Check the pond weekly.
  • Trim back dead plant matter.
  • Top off the pond as evaporation occurs.
  • Fertilize plants again as necessary.
  • Unclog pump or pump sock occasionally.
  • Pull stringy algae from waterfall.


  • Do one quick cleaning.
  • Remove most debris, do not rinse the filter.
  • Cut back the plants as they turn brown.
  • Stop feeding and fertilizing when the temperature drops to 45°F on average.
  • Put netting over the pond while the leaves fall.

Winter (Perform as necessary)

  • Remove the netting when the leaves are done falling.
  • Install a pond de-icer to maintain gas exchange in the pond.
  • Turn off the waterfall if freezing occurs.

To learn more about enhancing your yard with a pond, waterfall or fountain, call us at (410) 266-8586 or request more information.

Waterfall Tips

Designing and building a waterfall can be a delicate project. Here are a few suggestions for designing and building a waterfall.

How Many Gallons Do We Need?

All waterfalls should have a minimum of one hundred gallons per hour of water flow over each inch of width of your waterfall. For example, if your fall is 20 inches wide, there should be a 2,000 gallon per hour flow for it to look good.

What Sound Will My Waterfall Make?

There are several types of sounds created by what the water is falling onto.

  • The most pronounced sound comes from water falling directly into a pool of water.
  • Water falling into a shallow pool is more subtle and less pronounced.
  • The gentlest sound comes from water falling onto a rock or boulder and then sliding over rocks.

How Far Should The Water Fall?

The distance the water falls is the main factor. A three to four inch drop can be quite subtle. Increasing it to 18 or 20 inches causes the sound to significantly increase. You can experiment by running a garden hose running into a bucket or a pool and noting the difference.

How Big Should The Basin Be?

The next step is determining the basin or pool the water will go into. The surface area of the pond in square feet should be 1-1/2 times the square footage of your waterfall and stream.

For instance, if your waterfall and stream is 20 feet long and 3 feet wide, then the pond should be 90 square feet. This allows the pond to capture all the water from the stream and waterfall when the pump is turned off without the water overflowing.

To learn more about enhancing your yard with a pond, waterfall or fountain,
call us at (410) 266-8586 or request more information.




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